Hearing voices: Definitions
The term ‘hearing voices’ describes experiences like the above which are very real to the person, do not feel within their control, and are not shared by anyone else.
While there are many different kinds of voice-hearing experience, this site focuses mostly on voices that occur over a period of time (not just once or twice), have a significant impact on people’s lives, and are seen as in some way out of the ordinary. For the most part, what you read here will not be directly relevant to understanding ‘involuntary auditory experiences’ like tinnitus, musical hallucinations or earworms; inner speech or your own inner voice; or ‘hypnagogic‘ and ‘hypnopompic‘ hallucinations, which only happen on the borders of sleep.
You may have heard hearing voices referred to as ‘auditory hallucinations’ or ‘auditory verbal hallucinations’. These are words used in a clinical, or medical context. ‘Hallucination’ refers to perceiving something which is not present. Hallucinations can occur in all five senses – hearing, sight, taste, smell and touch – or can involve multiple senses at the same time. Some voice-hearers find the term ‘hallucination’ a useful way of distinguishing the voices they hear from external sounds or from everyday inner speech. Others argue that it invalidates the reality of their experience and implies that voice-hearing is a symptom of a mental disorder – which not everyone agrees with. A wide variety of terms are used by people who hear voices, including: ‘intuitive knowing,’ ‘telepathic experience,’ ‘inserted thoughts,’ ‘intrusive thoughts,’ ‘hearing voices, seeing visions, and having other unusual experiences,’ ‘neuro-diverse experiences,’ ‘amplified sensory interactions,’ ‘spirits’, ‘guardian angels’, ‘alters,’ ‘parts,’ and ‘system members.’
We know that no term will adequately reflect the variety of people’s experiences. We’ve chosen to use the terms ‘hearing voices’ and ‘voice-hearer’ on this site because it’s what most people we spoke to feel most comfortable with.
This module explores four themes: what it’s like to hear voices, how common they are, the link between voices and psychiatric diagnosis, and the different ways in which people interpret or find meaning in voice-hearing experiences. You can click on the buttons below to find out more.
Find out more
About Voices from Intervoice. Intervoice is a charity, registered in the UK, that aims to support the International Hearing Voices Movement by connecting people, sharing ideas, distributing information, highlighting innovative initiatives, encouraging
Visit the world’s first major exhibition on hearing voices online. Hearing Voices: Suffering inspiration and the e
Angela Woods, Nev Jones, Ben Alderson-Day, Felicity Callard, and Charles Fernyhough (2015). Experiences of hearing voices: analysis of a novel phenomenological survey. The Lancet Psychiatry. This study analysed the experience of hearing voices in 153 adults. It shows that people hear lots of different kinds of voices, some with strong characterful qualities.
Angela Woods and Ben Alderson-Day (2015). Hearing voices? Don’t assume that means schizophrenia. The Conversation.